Food– and water-borne diseases
Viruses: Calici-, Rotavirus infections, viral hepatitis (HepA és E),
infantile paralysis (Poliomyelitis), stb.
Other: worms, protozoon-infections
Of those listed above, practically eradicated in Hungary:
typhi/paratyphi, cholera, poliomyelitis (vaccination!)
Pathogens generally locate in the bowels of the patient (or carrier) and leaves the host body during defecation!
→ dirty hand, contaminated objects (eg. toilet’s door-handle)
- orally, transmitted by water, milk or other foods
→ eg. common transmitting foods in the case of Salmonella:
– foods containing eggs, milk
– not properly cooked/roasted meats
– unwashed vegetables
- flies may also transmit them (eg. typhi)
- by following some simple personal, catering and environmental hygienic rules
- frequent thorough hand-wash: especially after using the toilet and before eating
- using the toilets properly: flushing after using, keeping the toilets clean
- storing perishable food in the fridge (eggs, milk, meats)
- not consuming preserved foods
- consuming meats thoroughly cooked, roasted
- keeping personal equipment (eg. cutlery) clean
- vaccinations (eg. in Hungary vaccination against Polio is obligatory!)
- drinking only clean water In Hungary tap water is of reliable quality!
- separating infectious patients, disinfecting
- protection against flies and other disease-spreading insects
- getting health information, improving health literacy
Downloadable PDF file
Népegészségügyi orvostan (Public Health Medicine) (edited by. I. Ember, I. Kiss, K. Cseh), University of Pécs, Medical School, Pécs, 2013, pp.219-297.