660Bacterial infections: Syphilis (=lues), Gonorrhoea (clap), Chlamydia

Vírusok: human papillomavirus (HPV→ genital warts, cervical cancer), hepatitis B, C,

HIV (→AIDS), etc.

Protozoa infections: eg.Trichomonas

Fungal infections: Candida

Ectoparasites: crab lice, scabies



Not exclusively spread sexually!

  • by direct contact: genital skin, genital secretions
  • clothes, personal equipments, common use of bath water (eg. gonorrhoea)
  • vertically: from mother to her baby:
    • intrauterin (in the womb) (eg. syphilis)
    • during delivery (HSV, HPV)
    • during breastfeeding (HIV)
      • through bloodstream, (common needle-use) syphilis, HIV

 How HIV-infection (AIDS) DOES NOT spread?


– by insect bite

– everyday contacts (eg.handshaking, etc.),

– common use of equipments (toilet-seats etc.)



  • keeping hygienic rules (personal, environmental)

→ frequent, thorough showering and daily change of underwear

  • improving sexual culture
    • condom-usage during sexual intercourse
    • conscious relationships, monogamy, faith
    • improving awareness of sexual health and prevention of STDs
  • screening (HPV), early diagnosis, screening of risk groups (sex workers, homosexuals), identification and treatment of their contacts, relationships
  • if symptoms appear (discharge, itching, lesions etc.)
    • consulting doctor
    • avoiding sexual contact
    • treating the partner may also be necessary
  • vaccinations, eg. Hepatitis, HPV
Downloadable PDF file

sexually-transmitted diseases


Népegészségügyi orvostan (Public Health Medicine) (edited by. I. Ember, I. Kiss, K. Cseh), University of Pécs, Medical School, Pécs, 2013, pp.219-297.