Sexually transmitted diseases
Vírusok: human papillomavirus (HPV→ genital warts, cervical cancer), hepatitis B, C,
HIV (→AIDS), etc.
Protozoa infections: eg.Trichomonas
Fungal infections: Candida
Ectoparasites: crab lice, scabies
Not exclusively spread sexually!
- by direct contact: genital skin, genital secretions
- clothes, personal equipments, common use of bath water (eg. gonorrhoea)
- vertically: from mother to her baby:
- intrauterin (in the womb) (eg. syphilis)
- during delivery (HSV, HPV)
- during breastfeeding (HIV)
- through bloodstream, (common needle-use) syphilis, HIV
How HIV-infection (AIDS) DOES NOT spread?
– by insect bite
– everyday contacts (eg.handshaking, etc.),
– common use of equipments (toilet-seats etc.)
- keeping hygienic rules (personal, environmental)
→ frequent, thorough showering and daily change of underwear
- improving sexual culture
- condom-usage during sexual intercourse
- conscious relationships, monogamy, faith
- improving awareness of sexual health and prevention of STDs
- screening (HPV), early diagnosis, screening of risk groups (sex workers, homosexuals), identification and treatment of their contacts, relationships
- if symptoms appear (discharge, itching, lesions etc.)
- consulting doctor
- avoiding sexual contact
- treating the partner may also be necessary
- vaccinations, eg. Hepatitis, HPV
Downloadable PDF file
Népegészségügyi orvostan (Public Health Medicine) (edited by. I. Ember, I. Kiss, K. Cseh), University of Pécs, Medical School, Pécs, 2013, pp.219-297.