Viruses: focal tick-borne encephalitis, yellow fever, Hepatitis B, C, Dengue-fever etc.
Protozoon infections: malaria (= intermittent fever)
Of those listed above, practically eradicated in Hungary:
black death, malaria, yellow-fever, Dengue-fever
- Vector-borne diseases: pathogens are transmitted through the skin to bloodstream by blood-sucker vectors (eg. insects). There they reside and may be transmitted to another person by the vectors.
Blood-sucker vectors (for example):
→ Lyme-disease, tick-borne encephalitis: by tick
→ malaria: Anopheles-mosquito: Does not exist in Hungary!
→ black death (plaque): phlea of rats, or the bite of infected rats
- Transmission of Hepatitis B,C:
→ by blood (transfusion) and blood products
→ common use of needles (IV drug users)
→ sexually, through injuries of the skin
→ from mother to child during delivery or breastfeeding
- Separation of the infected patient
- To eradicate disease-spreading vectors
- Vaccination (eg.: tick-borne -encephalitis, Hepatitis)
- Hepatitis B:
- keeping hygienic rules in hospitals, vaccinating and informing health care workers
- screening pregnant females
- vulnerable groups (IV drug-abusers, sexworkers): needle exchange programs, vaccination
Downloadable PDF file
Népegészségügyi orvostan (Public Health Medicine) (edited by. I. Ember, I. Kiss, K. Cseh), University of Pécs, Medical School, Pécs, 2013, pp.219-297.